Cigarette smoking and its possible effects on sperm.
The Effect Smoking Has on Sperm and Male Fertility
Cigarette smoking, one of the main causes of preventable morbidity and mortality, has a multitude of well-known side effects. The relationship between cigarette smoking and infertility has been studied for decades; however, large-scale, population-wide prospective studies are lacking. The majority of the current literature is in the form of retrospective studies focused on the effects of smoking on semen analyses. This article discusses the results of these studies and reviews the postulated mechanisms. The effects of smoking on assisted reproduction and in vitro fertilization outcomes are noted. The consequences of smoking while pregnant on future fertility as well as the outcomes of second-hand smoke are analyzed.
How Does Smoking Affect Sperm?
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Many things can damage your sperm, including being overweight, smoking, older age, and exposure to harmful chemicals. Being overweight can reduce your fertility because it lowers your sperm quality, including sperm count and movement. It also makes you more likely to produce abnormal sperm.